What is a Death Certificate and Why
is it essential
A Death Certificate is a document issued by the
Government to the nearest relatives of the deceased, stating the date, fact and
cause of death. It is essential to register death to prove the time and date of
death, to establish the fact of death for relieving the individual from social,
legal and official obligations, to enable settlement of property inheritance,
and to authorise the family to collect insurance and other benefits.
As per rules, the births, deaths and
still-births will have to be registered within 21 days at the place
Municipalities, Corporations and Special Village Panchayats (Town Panchayats),
the concerned local bodies undertake the registration of deaths.
- In Village Panchayats, the
responsibility for registration of deaths is with the Revenue Department and
the Village Administrative Officers in the Village Panchayats are the
Registrars of Deaths.
- Deaths taking place in a
medical institution will be intimated for registration by the institution
directly to the registering authority.
- When death has taken place in
the house, the head of the family or the nearest relative of the family will
have to register in the prescribed format along with a medical certificate.
Beyond the prescribed time limit, if a registration
is done, it is accepted with a payment of penalty up to a period of one year. If
a registration is to be done beyond the period of one year, it will be
registered only on receipt of a judicial order from a Magistrate and with
- In rural areas, the Register
of Deaths is maintained in the Taluk office for two years and is then
transferred to the respective Sub-Registrar's Office. Hence, in rural areas,
the Death Certificate can be taken from the Taluk Office within two years and
thereafter it has to be applied for in the Sub-Registrar's office and
- In Town/ Municipal areas, the
Registers of Deaths are maintained by the respective Town/ Municipal Office.
The forms have to be asked for
in the above offices and obtained.
- In rural areas, the Taluk
Offices and Sub-Registrar's offices are the concerned offices for
registration/ issue of certificates. Taluk offices come under the Revenue
- Town Panchayats (at present
called Special Village Panchayats) come under the Rural Development
Municipalities and Corporations come under the Municipal Administration and
the Water Supply Department.
|Death Certificate Application Format